Applications made by various construction chemicals to increase the life of the structures and to make them resistant to abrasion, corrosion or leaks are called waterproofing. In order to protect the concrete and reinforcements, which are the load-bearing systems of the buildings, from wear and corrosion, waterproofing applications should be done during the construction phase of the buildings.
How Is Water Insulation Made?
There are many areas of buildings that come into contact with water, which we call wet areas. Examples of these areas are foundation walls, terrace, roofs, bathroom, kitchen or toilets. You can come across many different applications and product types regarding insulation, since the contact of buildings with water can occur from more than one point.
Waterproofing of Foundation and Retaining Walls
Waterproofing of foundation and retaining walls is done during the construction phase and the most important point is proper surface preparation. Loose parts on the surface should be scraped off, and the spikes and corners should be chamfered. The use of bitumen-based membranes is common in these applications where the use of sliding insulation materials is recommended.
Buildings must also be protected from groundwater coming from under the ground concrete. Floor waterproofing is done in subway and tunnel constructions, internal insulation of basement floors and walls, floors and horizontal joints or in areas that may be exposed to water such as elevator pits.
Waterproofing on Terraces
It would be appropriate to use bituminous, cement-acrylic, polyurethane or MS polymer / hybrid polymer based products when making terrace insulation. However, we must emphasize that no matter what type of product is used for waterproofing, the surface preparation must be completed perfectly.